Posted by: faqir | January 13, 2010

Mullah `Ali al-Qari’s Commentary on the Hadith al-Jariyah: ‘Where is Allah?’

Mulla ‘Alī al-Qārī (d. 1014 h. / 1606; Makkah), a Hanafi faqīh, a muḥaddith , an expert in language, a mutakallim, and a prolific author of important Islamic texts including the commentary on Abū Ḥanīfah’s al-Fiqh al-Akbar, which is a work on belief, and a ten-volume commentary on the Ḥadīth compilation Mishkāt al-MaSābīḥ.

Commenting on the words reported from the Prophet [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam] “Where is Allāh?” in the Ḥadīth al-Jāriyah, he wrote:

In another version of the same Ḥadīth there is the wording: “Where is your Lord?” It means that where is His place of decision, and His order, and the place where His dominion and power are manifested. {She said: “In the sky.”} Al-Qāḍī [‘Iyāḍ] said: “The meaning is that His command and His prohibition comes from the direction of the sky. The Prophet [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam] did not mean to ask her about the whereabouts of Allāh, since He transcends such an attribute as place, just as He transcends the attribute of time. Rather, the Prophet [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam] intended to find out by his question to her whether she was a monotheist declaring the uniqueness of Allāh (muwaḥḥidah), or whether she was a polytheist (mushrikah) because the Arabs were worshipping idols. Each clan amongst them had its special idol, which it worshipped and revered. Perhaps some of their ignorant and stupid people did not recognize any god whatsoever; therefore, the Prophet [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam] wanted to ascertain what she worshipped. So when she said “in the sky,” or, as in another version, she pointed to the sky, he [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam] understood that she was a monotheist declaring the uniqueness of Allāh. In other words , he wanted to preclude the gods on earth; that is, the idols. He did not mean to imply that He occupies a place in the sky, far-removed is Allāh from what the transgressors ascribe to Him in their insolence. Moreover, the Prophet [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam] had been ordered to speak to the people according to the extent of their intelligence, and to guide them to the truth in way which was appropriate to their understanding. So when the Prophet [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam] found that she believed that the one who deserves to be worshipped is the God who implements His purpose from the sky to the earth, not the gods which the pagans worshipped, he was satisfied with that much from her, and he [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam] did not charge her with sheer unity (Sirf al-tauḥīd )–the principle of transcendence (ḥaqīqat al-tanzīh) Some [of the ulamā’] have said that the meaning is that His order and prohibition, His mercy and revelation comes from the sky. In that case, this Ḥadīth is similar [in its implications] to His word [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam]: “Do you feel secure from Him who is in the sky…?” Furthermore, in some other [authentic] versions of this Ḥadīth it comes that this girl was dumb, and for that reason [Imām] al-Shafi‘ī [d. 204 / 820; Cairo] permitted the freeing of a slave even if he is dumb. In such case, the words in the Ḥadīth “She said, ‘In the sky.’” mean that she pointed to the sky [since she could not speak, obviously; and this is just what has come expressly in another version of the Ḥadīth: “She pointed to the sky.”]

[Mulla ‘Alī al-Qārī, Mirqāt al-Mafātīḥ (Beirut, ), p. 454; vol. 6 / http://www.almeshkat.com/books/open.php?cat=22&book=2190 pg 412 in Doc. 3]

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Responses

  1. may allah guide the asharis, this is falsehood, why can you stay far away from the opinions of the men and stick to the book and the sunnah?

    • Either refute this or don’t waste bandwidth.

  2. Thanx Ash aris 4 guiding us un2 d way of ahl assunnah. As 4 d salafis(mujassimun) hw long wll thou worship thy nafs?

  3. Asharis are on true path, The wahabi Aqeeda has no bases in the Qur’an and Sunnah. If you want proofs, let me know 🙂

  4. […] further details on the Hadith of Jariyah one maym also refer to: Mullah Ali al-Qari’s Commentary and Imam al-Nawawi’s […]


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